How to Make Competent Cells

关键词: 2013-06-04 11:28 来源:互联网 点击次数:953

How to Make Competent Cells

Step 1: Take an 100 m L aliquot of frozen cells from the -80o C and innoculate about 500 ml to 1 L sterile LB broth . DO NOT ADD antibiotic, since these cells do not have an plasmid in them. Work as sterile as possible.

Step 2: Grow the cells on a shaker at 37o C until they reach an OD @ 600nm of 0.3 to 0.4 (1 cm pathlength).

Step 3: Centrifuge in the Sorvall GSA rotor (250 ml centrifuge bottle) at 5,000 RPM for 10 minutes at 4o C. Ice down 100 mM CaCl2 and 100 mM MgCl2 solutions at this point.

Step 4: Gently resuspend the bacteria pellet on ice in 1/4 volume of ice cold MgCl2 , taking 3 to 5 minutes for this procedure. Centrifuge he cell suspension at 4,000 RPM in the Sorvall GSA rotor for 10 minutes.

Step 5: Resuspend the bacteria pellet on ice in 1/20 volume of ice cold CaCl2 and then add an addional 9/20 volume of CaCl2 . Keep this suspension on ice for at least 20 minutes.

Step 6: Centrifuge the cell suspension at 4,000 RPM in the GSA rotor for 10 minutes and resuspend the cell pellet in 1/50 volume of ice cold, sterile 85 mM CaCl2 in 15% glycerol w/v. Dispense in 100 m L aliquots and freeze cells at -80o C.


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